国別内訳 (MtCO2)

世界

3.9%

インドのCO2排出量の継続的な増加.

3年間の安定化後のCO2排出量の新成長(+ 2.1%)

経済成長の低迷、エネルギー原単位の低下、燃料ミックスの変化に関連した3年間の停滞の後、世界のCO2排出量は2017年に2.1%増加した。CO2排出量はエネルギー消費に伴い米国で安定していたが、 2014年以降、安定した排出量を維持していた石炭からガスへの切り替え政策にもかかわらず、強い経済成長が中国の石炭消費量とCO2排出量を押し上げた。
世界経済の成長は、インド、ロシア、日本、韓国、カナダ、イランなど、ほとんどの国でエネルギー消費とCO2排出量を増加させた。低調な水力発電状況のため、ブラジルとヨーロッパ(過去10年間平均-1.9%の減少と比較して2017年に1.9%の大幅な増加)、トルコ(石炭使用量の増加)、ドイツ、スペイン、ポーランド、フランスで増加したが、英国では再生可能発電のために減少した。
逆に、メキシコとウクライナではCO2排出量が減少した。ウクライナでは、石炭消費量が原子力発電の増加によって削減された。

世界のエネルギー動向、2018年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2017年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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13
Jun

Brazil exceeds 1 GW of distributed power generation capacity

According to the Brazilian energy regulator ANEEL, the micro and distributed mini generation capacity in Brazil has passed the 1 GW mark. Most of the distributed generation capacity is solar PV, with 82,600 small installations totalling 870 MW, followed by 86 small hydropower plants totalling 81 MW. Distributed capacities are mainly located in Minas Gerais (16,700 facilities totalling 212 MW), Rio Grande do Sul (12,000  units, cumulating 144 MW) and São Paulo (14,500 units, or 117 MW). 

07
Jun

Australia's GHG emissions rose by 0.7% in 2018

According to the latest Quarterly Update report on the estimates of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Australia rose by 0.7% in 2018 to 538.2 MtCO2eq (+3.5 MtCO2eq).

Most of the 2018 increase came from stationary energy installations excluding power plants (+6%, +5.8 MtCO2eq), as LNG exports surged by 22%. The LNG sector was a large contributor to fugitive emissions, which rose by 4.9% (+2.7 MtCO2eq), due to flaring and venting of CH4 and CO2. Emissions related to industrial process also grew by 2.9% (+1 MtCO2eq), as energy-intensive steel and aluminium production rose by 11% and 6%, respectively. Transport emissions also grew by 2.8% (+2.7 MtCO2eq), spurred by a nearly 11% increase in diesel consumption.

These rising trends were partly offset by a decrease in GHG emissions recorded in the power sector (-3.5%, i.e. -6.6 MtCO2eq), as rising renewable power generation enabled to reduce coal and gas consumption. Emissions from the agriculture sector also contracted by 3.3% (-2.3 MtCO2eq), due to a decline in the beef cattle population. Overall, the Australian energy sector - including power plants and other energy facilities - accounted for 52% of total GHG emissions in 2018.

Australian GHG emissions have declined by 9.5% since 1990, thanks to the strong decrease in Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) emissions, that has partly offset the strong increase in emissions from the power sector and other energy plants.

07
Jun

China added 5.2 GW of solar power capacity in the first quarter of 2019

According to the National Energy Administration (NEA) of China, 5.2 GW of new solar capacity were installed in China during the first quarter of 2019, raising the country's solar capacity to nearly 180 GW at the end of March 2019. Centralised solar power plant capacity rose by 2.4 GW to around 123 GW during the first quarter of 2019, while distributed PV capacities increased by 2.8 GW to 53 GW. Solar PV capacity significantly increased in the provinces of Zhejiang (+7.3 GW to 12.1 GW), Inner Mongolia (+4.3 GW to 9.9 GW) and Hubei (+3.8 GW to 5.5 GW).

Solar PV power generation reached 44 TWh in the first quarter of 2019 (+26% compared to the same period of 2018) and power losses continued to decline; they are mainly located in Xinjiang (12% loss rate) and Gansu (7%).

29
May

South Korea's electricity demand rose by 3.3% in 2018

According to a recent report by the Korea Electric Power Corp. (KEPCO), total electricity consumption increased by 3.3% in South Korea to 563 TWh in 2018. The highest growth has been driven by the residential sector, which recorded a 6.3% rise to 73 TWh, mainly due to a heat wave in the summer of 2018 that spurred air conditioning use. However, households only accounted for 13% of total electricity demand, while the industrial sector representing half of the consumption (279 TWh, i.e. 2.5% more than in 2017).

Electricity consumption in South Korea has been growing steadily since 2000, doubling from 263 TWh to 563 TWh in 2018. The electricity consumption of the industrial sector rose by 86% since 2000, while demand doubled in the residential sector and grew 2.6-fold in the services sector.