国別内訳 (Mtoe)

世界

8.9%

イランにおけるエネルギー生産の増加.

世界のエネルギー生産量は2017年に回復し(2.4%)、過去の傾向を上回った

石炭生産量が3年間の減少後初めて増加したことから、中国は世界的なエネルギー生産量の増加に大きく寄与した。
世界的なエネルギー価格の上昇は、米国で2016年の減少後に石油とガスの生産を促した。
エネルギー生産は、エネルギー消費の中程度の伸び、主要な電力生産(原子力と水力)の低下、石油ガス資源の枯渇、最終的には石炭の撤退を意味する気候政策のために、欧州連合において引き続き低下した。
大規模な石油・ガス輸出国(国際的制裁終了後のロシアとイラン、カナダやナイジェリアはそれほどではない)、急速に発展している国(インド、インドネシア、トルコ、ブラジル)は2017年のエネルギー生産増加への主な貢献者である。 一方、サウジアラビアのエネルギー生産は、OPECの生産調整契約の影響を受けた。

世界のエネルギー動向、2018年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2017年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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15
May

Over 21 GW of hydropower capacity added worldwide in 2018

According to the 2019 Hydropower Status Report released by the International Hydropower Association, around 21.8 GW of new hydropower capacities were commissioned in 2018, including nearly 2 GW of pumped-storage. Most of this new capacity was added in the East-Asia and Pacific region (nearly 9.2 GW installed, including 8.5 GW in China), followed by South America (4.9 GW, of which 3.9 GW were in Brazil), South and Central Asia (4 GW, including 2.5 GW in Pakistan), Europe (2.2 GW, half of which was in Turkey), Africa (1 GW, of which 0.7 GW in Angola) and North and Central America (0.6 GW).

At the end of 2018, global hydropower capacity stood at nearly 1,300 GW, of which over a quarter was located in China (352 GW), followed by Brazil (104 GW), the United States (103 GW) and Canada (81 GW): these four countries accounted for half of global capacities at the end of 2018 and Brazil overtook the United States as the second largest producer by capacity, after more than 3 GW were added at the 11 GW Belo Monte hydropower complex. Overall, hydropower generated 4,200 TWh in 2018.

10
May

CO2 emissions decreased by 2.5% in the EU

According to Eurostat's early estimates for the year 2018, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the European Union (EU) compared to 2017 levels. Although Germany reduced significantly is CO2 emissions in 2018 (-5.4%), the country remains Europe's largest carbon emitter with a 22.5% share of EU's total CO2 emissions in 2018, followed by the United Kingdom with a share of 11.4%.

With a rise of 3.5% of its energy-related emissions, Poland has become EU's third largest CO2 emitter in 2018, with a 10.3% share in total emissions, exceeding France and Italy (10% each)

Remarquable energy-related CO2 emission reductions where recorded in Portugal (-9.0%), Bulgaria (-8.1%), Ireland (-6.8%), the Netherlands (-4.6%) and Croatia (-4.3%), Greece (-.36%), France (-3.5%), Italy (-3.5%) and Spain (-3.2%

Conserversely, countries that have registered an increase in emissions were Latvia (+8.5%), Malta (+6.7%), Estonia (+4.5%), Luxembourg (+3.7%), Poland (+3.5%), Slovakia (+2.4%), Finland (+1.9%) and Lithuania (+0.6%).

10
May

Kenya produces 86% of its power from renewables in 2018

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics' 2019 Economic Survey, the country total electricity demand increased by 8% (to 11.2 TWh) in 2018. The country increased its renewable power output significantly, including a 43.6% growth in hydropower (to 4 TWh), while thermal power generation has been reduced by 39% and power imports decreased by 43%. Eventually, around 86% of total power was from renewables in 2018, with 46% from geothermal (with 663 MW of installed capacity), 36% from hydropower, 14% thermal and 3% from wind.

Wind and solar deployments in 2018 were also major with the commissioning of the 310 MW Lake Turkana wind power plant and the 50 MW Garissa solar park (83 MW). These deployments allowed for a 13.7% increase in total installed capacity to 2,712 MW. Wind capacity reached 367 MW and there was a 500% increase in wind power generation from 61.3 GWh in 2017 to 375.6 GWh in 2018.

The country also recorded a 3.2% decline of its oil imports, from 6.3 Mt in 2017 to 6.1 Mt in 2018.

07
May

India's oil import dependence rose to 84% in 2018-2019

According to the Indian Oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC), India's oil import dependence increased from around 81% in 2015-2016 (April 2015-March 2016) to 83% in 2017-2018 and to 84% in 2018-2019, in a context of rising oil consumption and stagnant domestic production. Domestic demand surged by nearly 12% between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018 and grew again in 2018-2019 (+2.6%). On the contrary, domestic production continued to fall (-4.2% in 2018-2019), after a 3.2% drop between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018. For the 2019-2020 year, the PPAC expects crude oil imports to surge again.

The Indian government is seeking to reduce its oil import dependence to 67% by 2022 and is promoting measures to boost domestic production, biofuel consumption and energy savings. On the supply side, the government changed the previous New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) to the Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP) that relaxed pricing and marketing rules.