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定数PPPでのCO2強度

2020年に世界の二酸化炭素強度の縮小が減速(-1.3%)

定数PPPでのCO2強度

2020年に世界の二酸化炭素強度の縮小が減速(-1.3%)

国別内訳 (kCO2/$15p)
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世界

トレンド 1990 - 2020 - kCO2/$15p

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-5%


欧州連合で2020年に二酸化炭素強度が低下して、世界の平均値の55%に到達

2020年に世界の二酸化炭素強度の縮小が減速(-1.3%)

2020年には、二酸化炭素強度は1.3%の下降を見せました。背景には、COVID-19パンデミックのために発電業界で石炭から天然ガスや再生可能資源への移行が加速され、輸送における石油の消費量が急減したことがありました。この結果は、2010-2019年の期間(年間-2.3%)よりも減速されました。不景気がサービス業界のような二酸化炭素強度が低い業界にも悪影響を与えたためです。 二酸化炭素強度はOECD諸国で著しく下降しました(米国で-7.5%、欧州連合で-5%、カナダで-11%、韓国で-5.4%)。これは2000-2019年の期間よりもはるかに加速されました。二酸化炭素強度のわずかな下降は、中国(-0.2%。しかし、中国は世界平均よりも63%上にとどまる)、ロシア(-2.3%)、オーストラリアでも見られました。また、ラテンアメリカ(ブラジルとメキシコで下降トレンド)、アフリカ(エジプトとアルジェリアで下降アフリカ南アフリカとナイジェリアで上昇)でも、二酸化炭素強度が低下しました。 国によって二酸化炭素強度のトレンドが異なるアジアでは(GDPが8%減少したインドとタイで上昇、日本とインドネシアでは下降)、わずかな上昇がありました(+0.5%)。また、2020年にエネルギー強度(GDP当たりのエネルギー消費量)が上昇した中東でも、二酸化炭素強度が上昇トレンドを示しました。

グローバル・エネルギー・トレンド - 2021年版

COVID-19の影響と構造変化を含む、統合した2020年のエネルギーと排出量の統計と2021年の予測

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グローバル・エネルギー&CO2データ

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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24

Jan

China added 53 GW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2021, including 29 GW of distributed solar projects, according to the country's National Energy Administration (NEA). The country's total solar capacity reached 306 GW at the end of the year, with 107.5 GW of distributed solar (+29 GW in 2021, i.e., around 55% of all new solar PV capacity added in 2021). More than 40% (21.5 GW) of the total capacity corresponded to residential solar plants (compared to more than 10 GW added in 2020). In 2020, China had added more than 49 GW of solar capacity.

24

Jan

The combined production of fossil fuels (including natural gas, crude oil, and coal) in the United States increased by 2% in 2021, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). In 2021, natural gas accounted for 46% of US production of fossil fuels, followed by crude oil (30%), coal (15%) and NGPL (9%). The public agency forecasts that the country's output of fossil fuels will continue to rise in 2022 and 2023, surpassing the 2019 production level and reaching a new record in 2023. Indeed, natural gas production in the United States, which increased by 2% in 2021, will expand by 3% in 2022 and 2% in 2023. US crude oil production will increase by 6% in 2022 and 5% in 2023, after +1% in 2021. US coal production, which rose by 7% in 2021, will grow by 6% in 2022 and 1% in 2023. Finally, natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) production increased by 4% in 2021 and will rise by 9% in 2022 and 4% in 2023. 

21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.