国別内訳 (Mtoe)

世界

3.7%

中国のエネルギー消費成長率.

2018年におけるエネルギー消費の加速(+ 2.3%)は電力とガス需要の高い成長によって引き起こされた

2018年の世界のエネルギー消費は、持続的な経済成長と2009年以降世界最大のエネルギー消費国である中国での需要の増加に拍車をかけられ、大幅に増加した。中国のエネルギー消費量は2012年以来最高の成長を記録しました。これは主に、発電量の増加、産業需要の高まり、車両の増加に伴う輸送燃料消費量の増加によります。
米国の総エネルギー消費量は2018年に過去最高の2.3 Gtoeに達し、2017年から3.5%増加しました。これは一部天候条件(暑い夏、寒い冬)に牽引されました。
対照的に、エネルギー消費は、欧州連合(-1%)、特にドイツ(-3.5%)で減少しました。これは、電力部門の消費の減少、冬の穏やかさ、消費の減少、およびエネルギー効率の改善によります。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

出版物をダウンロードする

Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

無料トライアル

04
Dec

US EIA expects 90 GW of coal-fired power plants to retire by 2030

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US coal-fired power capacity fell by around 60 GW between 2011 and 2017 as a result of power plant retirements, which were due to high operating and maintenance costs. Sustained relatively low gas prices have made coal-fired power plants less competitive and less used, reducing revenues and operating margins for their operators, prompting them to retire these coal-fired units. A study led by the EIA highlights that coal-fired power plants with the lowest variable operating and maintenance costs have higher capacity factors (59% in 2017) than the coal fleet average (54%) and than the highest cost group (47%).

02
Dec

Japan's greenhouse gas emissions fall to record low in 2018/19

According to Japan National Institute for Environmental Studies, the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have declined from 1,291 MtCO2 in the financial year 2017/18 to 1,244 MtCO2 in 2018/19 (-3.6%), which is their lowest level since 1990/91. It was the fifth year in a row of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of nine nuclear reactors. As the world’s fifth-biggest carbon emitter, Japan aims at reducing its GHG emissions by 26% by 2030 (from 2013 levels). The observed decrease stood at 11.8% at the end of 2017/18.

05
Nov

US wind capacity exceeds 100 GW mark

According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the installed wind power capacity in the United States has reached 100 GW in the third quarter of 2019 (from over 94 GW at the end of 2018), enough to supply power to 32 million US households. Wind installations accelerated in the third quarter of 2019, with 8 new large power projects totalling 1.9 GW commissioned.

04
Nov

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 4.1% in 2018

According to the annual report on the functioning of the European carbon market, greenhouse gras (GHG) emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 4.1% (around 73 MtCO2eq) to 1,682 MtCO2eq in 2018, thanks to a 7.3% drop in emissions from the power and heat production sector (down to 913 MtCO2eq). Verified emissions from the industrial sector remained stable (-0.1%) at 769 MtCO2eq, while those from aviation grew by 3.9% to 67 MtCO2eq.


More news