国別内訳 (Mtoe)

世界

3.7%

中国のエネルギー消費成長率.

2018年におけるエネルギー消費の加速(+ 2.3%)は電力とガス需要の高い成長によって引き起こされた

2018年の世界のエネルギー消費は、持続的な経済成長と2009年以降世界最大のエネルギー消費国である中国での需要の増加に拍車をかけられ、大幅に増加した。中国のエネルギー消費量は2012年以来最高の成長を記録しました。これは主に、発電量の増加、産業需要の高まり、車両の増加に伴う輸送燃料消費量の増加によります。
米国の総エネルギー消費量は2018年に過去最高の2.3 Gtoeに達し、2017年から3.5%増加しました。これは一部天候条件(暑い夏、寒い冬)に牽引されました。
対照的に、エネルギー消費は、欧州連合(-1%)、特にドイツ(-3.5%)で減少しました。これは、電力部門の消費の減少、冬の穏やかさ、消費の減少、およびエネルギー効率の改善によります。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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