国別内訳 (bcm)

世界

10%

米国のガス消費量の大幅な増加(世界の半分の増加).

米国と中国は世界の天然ガス消費量を押し上げた(5%増)

世界のガス消費は2018年に加速し、米国と中国が拍車をかけ、これが消費増の約3分の2を占めました。米国のガス需要は、2018年に10%増加し、過去30年間で最も高い成長率を記録しました。これは、電力セクター(+ 15GWの新しいガス火力発電所)とビル需要によるものです。
中国では、電力および暖房部門における石炭からガスへの代替政策に従って、ガス消費も加速しました(+ 18%)。持続的な経済成長のおかげで、インドと韓国でも成長が見られました。しかし、原子炉の再稼働によりガス火力発電の需要が減少したため、日本での消費は減少しました。
ロシアでもガス消費量は着実に増加し続け(2017年より遅いペースではあるが)、カナダ、イランおよびアルジェリアでは加速しました。
経済成長にもかかわらず、ヨーロッパ、特にトルコ、フランス、ドイツ、イタリアでのガス消費量は、気温の上昇、原子力と水力の稼働率の向上、および再生可能エネルギーの増加により減少しました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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