国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

2.9%

2018年に中国で石炭生産が増加.

2年連続で、中国を中心に世界の石炭生産は増加した(+ 1.9%)

中国は、世界最大の石炭および褐炭の生産国としての地位を強化しました(世界生産の45%)。2018年には、450億元(67億米ドル)を超える新規炭鉱プロジェクトを承認しました。最近の国内のガス不足は、石炭から暖房用のガスへの切り替えに対する政府の動機を弱め、石炭需要を維持しました。中国の石炭と褐炭の生産は世界的な増加の70%を占めました。中国での石炭輸入の増加(2018年比4%増、4年間で最高の成長率)は、豪州、インドネシア、ロシアの3つの主要石炭供給国で生産の拡大を可能にする強力な国際石炭市場を支えました。
インドは、内需と輸入への依存を減らすという政府の意欲に牽引されて、生産が大幅に増加しました(2018年には+ 5.3%)。米国では、輸出が増加したにもかかわらず、39年間の国内石炭消費の減少により石炭生産が減少し、欧州連合では加盟国がますます経済から石炭を排除することを約束したため減少し続けました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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