国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

2.9%

2018年に中国で石炭生産が増加.

2年連続で、中国を中心に世界の石炭生産は増加した(+ 1.9%)

中国は、世界最大の石炭および褐炭の生産国としての地位を強化しました(世界生産の45%)。2018年には、450億元(67億米ドル)を超える新規炭鉱プロジェクトを承認しました。最近の国内のガス不足は、石炭から暖房用のガスへの切り替えに対する政府の動機を弱め、石炭需要を維持しました。中国の石炭と褐炭の生産は世界的な増加の70%を占めました。中国での石炭輸入の増加(2018年比4%増、4年間で最高の成長率)は、豪州、インドネシア、ロシアの3つの主要石炭供給国で生産の拡大を可能にする強力な国際石炭市場を支えました。
インドは、内需と輸入への依存を減らすという政府の意欲に牽引されて、生産が大幅に増加しました(2018年には+ 5.3%)。米国では、輸出が増加したにもかかわらず、39年間の国内石炭消費の減少により石炭生産が減少し、欧州連合では加盟国がますます経済から石炭を排除することを約束したため減少し続けました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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04
Dec

US EIA expects 90 GW of coal-fired power plants to retire by 2030

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US coal-fired power capacity fell by around 60 GW between 2011 and 2017 as a result of power plant retirements, which were due to high operating and maintenance costs. Sustained relatively low gas prices have made coal-fired power plants less competitive and less used, reducing revenues and operating margins for their operators, prompting them to retire these coal-fired units. A study led by the EIA highlights that coal-fired power plants with the lowest variable operating and maintenance costs have higher capacity factors (59% in 2017) than the coal fleet average (54%) and than the highest cost group (47%).

02
Dec

Japan's greenhouse gas emissions fall to record low in 2018/19

According to Japan National Institute for Environmental Studies, the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have declined from 1,291 MtCO2 in the financial year 2017/18 to 1,244 MtCO2 in 2018/19 (-3.6%), which is their lowest level since 1990/91. It was the fifth year in a row of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of nine nuclear reactors. As the world’s fifth-biggest carbon emitter, Japan aims at reducing its GHG emissions by 26% by 2030 (from 2013 levels). The observed decrease stood at 11.8% at the end of 2017/18.

05
Nov

US wind capacity exceeds 100 GW mark

According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the installed wind power capacity in the United States has reached 100 GW in the third quarter of 2019 (from over 94 GW at the end of 2018), enough to supply power to 32 million US households. Wind installations accelerated in the third quarter of 2019, with 8 new large power projects totalling 1.9 GW commissioned.

04
Nov

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 4.1% in 2018

According to the annual report on the functioning of the European carbon market, greenhouse gras (GHG) emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 4.1% (around 73 MtCO2eq) to 1,682 MtCO2eq in 2018, thanks to a 7.3% drop in emissions from the power and heat production sector (down to 913 MtCO2eq). Verified emissions from the industrial sector remained stable (-0.1%) at 769 MtCO2eq, while those from aviation grew by 3.9% to 67 MtCO2eq.


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