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原油生産統計

COVID-19パンデミックが原因で、世界の原油生産量は減少しました(-6.1%)。

原油生産統計

COVID-19パンデミックが原因で、世界の原油生産量は減少しました(-6.1%)。

国別内訳 (Mt)
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世界

トレンド 1990 - 2020 - Mt

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世界 の総エネルギー出力 (2020) - Mtoe

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-8.6%


2020年にロシアの原油生産量が急減

COVID-19パンデミックが原因で、世界の原油生産量は減少しました(-6.1%)。

2020年には、COVID-19パンデミックと都市封鎖措置が引き起こした世界的な需要の大幅な落ち込みのために、原油の国際価格は3分の1以上の割合で下がりました(ブレント原油はUS$42/バレルで-35%)。その結果、OPECプラスは、世界の供給過剰を回避して、原油安を持ち直させるために、2020年5月1日から2020年6月30日(2020年7月末まで延長)の期間に、全体の原油生産量を日量970万バレル削減することを2020年4月に決定しました。制限は2020年8月に緩和されました(世界の減産は日量770万バレルに限定)。 2020年に米国は原油生産量(世界の産出量の17%)を3.4%縮小しましたが、世界最大の原油生産国として、サウジアラビアとの差をさらに拡大しました。2020年に米国はサウジアラビアと比べて42%多く生産しました。全体として、原油生産量は、サウジアラビアの-7%を含めた中東で-8.8%、ロシアで-8.6%、ナイジェリアで-14%と落ち込みました。カナダでは4.5%減少しましたが、中国で1.6%、ブラジル(プレソルトでの生産が急増)で7.1%増加しました。

グローバル・エネルギー・トレンド - 2021年版

COVID-19の影響と構造変化を含む、統合した2020年のエネルギーと排出量の統計と2021年の予測

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25

Oct

According to Ireland's Environmental Protection Agency, the country's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decreased by 3.6% in 2020 to 58 MtCO2eq. The decrease in emissions is reflected in most sectors with the exception of increases in residential, agriculture  and public services. In the energy sector, GHG emissions fell by 7.9% (-0.74 MtCO2eq), as peat-fired power generation halved and renewable power generation increased noticeably (+15% from wind), covering 42% of the Irish power mix. Residential emissions grew by 9% (+0.59 MtCO2eq), as a result of colder temperatures, historic low oil prices (impacting heating choices), and home working. Emissions from transports fell by nearly 16% (-1.9 MtCO2eq) due to transport restrictions. Overall, Ireland's GHG emissions are still only 7% below 2005 level. The country committed under an EU agreement known as the Effort Sharing Decision to cut GHG emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2020.

10

Sep

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity was installed in 2020 (down from 6.2 GW in 2019), including 3 GW in China, 1.5 GW in the Netherlands, and 0.7 GW in Belgium. More than 35 GW of offshore wind capacity is currently operational, with 29% of the total in the UK, 28% in China and 22% in Germany.

27

Aug

South Africa’s total greenhouse gas emissions excluding FOLU (forestry and other land use) increased by 14% between 2000 and 2017 to 513 MtCO2eq, according to the country’s 7th National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory Report. The energy sector is the largest contributor to emissions excluding FOLU (80%) and is responsible for 97% of the increase over 2000-2017. Energy industries were responsible for 61% of emissions from the energy sector in 2017. This was followed by transport (13%), other sectors (9%) and manufacturing industries and construction (7%).

12

Aug

According to the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAŞ), installed wind capacity in Turkey reached the 10 GW threshold in early August 2021. Most of the capacity is located in the Izmir province (1.7 GW), followed by Balıkesir (1,300 MW), Çanakkale (850 MW), Manisa (750 MW), and Istanbul (420 MW). Wind represented 10% of the installed capacity connected to the transmission network (10,010 MW out of 98,800 MW) and over half (51.9 GW) was considered "clean" electricity. In the first half of 2021, wind power accounted for around 9% of the power generation, replacing nearly US$1bn in gas imports.