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国内の電力消費量

2009年以降初めて世界の電力消費量に落ち込みを記録(2020年に-1.1%)

国内の電力消費量

2009年以降初めて世界の電力消費量に落ち込みを記録(2020年に-1.1%)

国別内訳 (TWh)
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世界

トレンド 1990 - 2020 - TWh

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-3.9%


米国では2020年に電力消費量が急減

2009年以降初めて世界の電力消費量に落ち込みを記録(2020年に-1.1%)

2020年には世界の電力消費量は1.1%落ち込みました。2019年の減速はあったものの、これは2009年以降初めて の落ち込みであり、2009-2018年の期間には安定した伸びがあったのとは対照的です。 世界の電力消費量の29%を占める中国は、COVID-19危機から迅速な回復を見せ、電力消費量は2020年に3.1%の伸びを記録しました(2019年は4.5%の伸び、2000-2018年の期間は年間平均+10%の伸び)。 他の国々では、COVID-19が電力需要にはるかに強い影響を与えました。特に一部のOECD諸国では、既に下降トレンドを持っていましたが、工業および商業の分野での需要が低下しました。電力消費量は、アメリカ合衆国(-3.9%。2年連続の低下)、欧州連合(-4.3%。ドイツ、フランス、イタリア、スペインで急減)、英国、日本、韓国、カナダでも落ち込みました。電力消費量は、2000年以降電力需要が急増したものの2018年に減速していたインドでも低下しました。また、ロシア、ラテンアメリカ(特にブラジルとメキシコ)、アフリカ(主として南アフリカとアルジェリア)でも減少しました。中東では横ばいになりました(イランで伸び、他の国々で落ち込み)。

グローバル・エネルギー・トレンド - 2021年版

COVID-19の影響と構造変化を含む、統合した2020年のエネルギーと排出量の統計と2021年の予測

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グローバル・エネルギー&CO2データ

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all electricity production sources: hydro, nuclear, thermal, wind, solar, geothermal. Access to the whole electricity value chain information: production capacities by technology, power generation by technology, trade, prices, consumption per sector and indicators.

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24

Jan

China added 53 GW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2021, including 29 GW of distributed solar projects, according to the country's National Energy Administration (NEA). The country's total solar capacity reached 306 GW at the end of the year, with 107.5 GW of distributed solar (+29 GW in 2021, i.e., around 55% of all new solar PV capacity added in 2021). More than 40% (21.5 GW) of the total capacity corresponded to residential solar plants (compared to more than 10 GW added in 2020). In 2020, China had added more than 49 GW of solar capacity.

24

Jan

The combined production of fossil fuels (including natural gas, crude oil, and coal) in the United States increased by 2% in 2021, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). In 2021, natural gas accounted for 46% of US production of fossil fuels, followed by crude oil (30%), coal (15%) and NGPL (9%). The public agency forecasts that the country's output of fossil fuels will continue to rise in 2022 and 2023, surpassing the 2019 production level and reaching a new record in 2023. Indeed, natural gas production in the United States, which increased by 2% in 2021, will expand by 3% in 2022 and 2% in 2023. US crude oil production will increase by 6% in 2022 and 5% in 2023, after +1% in 2021. US coal production, which rose by 7% in 2021, will grow by 6% in 2022 and 1% in 2023. Finally, natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) production increased by 4% in 2021 and will rise by 9% in 2022 and 4% in 2023. 

21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.