Contribution of BRICS to the global increase in power consumption between 2010 and 2019.
In 2019, global electricity consumption grew at a much slower pace than in recent years (+0.7% compared to an average 3%/year over the 2000-2018 period), due to a slowdown in economic growth and to milder temperatures in several large countries.
Electricity demand in China, which accounts for 28% of the global electricity consumption, grew by 4.5% in 2019 (compared to 10%/year over the period 2000-2018), as the slowdown in electricity demand from industry (lower economic growth in 2019) was partly offset by a strong demand from the residential and services sectors. It was stable in India (slowdown in industrial consumption) and in Russia (milder temperatures).
In the USA, a lower demand from the industrial and residential sectors contributed to cut electricity consumption by 2.2%. Electricity consumption also contracted in the EU (-1.4%, in line with the economic slowdown), in Japan, South Korea, and South Africa.
According to the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, global CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 0.9% to 38 GtCO2 in 2019, driven by China (+3.4%, accounting for 30% of global emissions) and India (+1.6%, 7% of global emissions). Meanwhile, Japan (3% of global emissions) reduced its energy-related CO2 emissions by 2.1%, the United States (13% of total emissions) by 2.6% and Russia (5% of total emissions) by 0.8%.
According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland. Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).