国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

-3.3%

ラテンアメリカにおける石油製品消費の減少は4年連続で続く.

世界の石油製品需要は、輸送および石油化学部門の拡大により、2018年に再び0.9%増加した

2018年には石油製品の需要が増加し、特に米国では石油化学製品に拍車がかかり、輸送部門では燃料消費量が増加しました。
アジアが需要の最大の増加を占めており、これは中国とインドが主導しており(それぞれ6%と2.7%の増加)、それほどではないがタイとインドネシアの増加(日本の減少)があります。 米国(世界最大の消費者)の石油製品の消費量も、主に産業の需要によって2.5%増加しました。
石油製品の消費量は、ロシアではほとんど増加しておらず(+ 0.5%)、欧州連合では若干減少しました(-0.6%)。 2014年以来減少し続けているラテンアメリカの石油製品消費量は、2018年に最大の減少(-3.3%)を経験しました。 これはメキシコでの石油生産の減少と価格の高騰、そしてベネズエラでは課された国際制裁措置のせいで減少したためです。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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04
Dec

US EIA expects 90 GW of coal-fired power plants to retire by 2030

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US coal-fired power capacity fell by around 60 GW between 2011 and 2017 as a result of power plant retirements, which were due to high operating and maintenance costs. Sustained relatively low gas prices have made coal-fired power plants less competitive and less used, reducing revenues and operating margins for their operators, prompting them to retire these coal-fired units. A study led by the EIA highlights that coal-fired power plants with the lowest variable operating and maintenance costs have higher capacity factors (59% in 2017) than the coal fleet average (54%) and than the highest cost group (47%).

02
Dec

Japan's greenhouse gas emissions fall to record low in 2018/19

According to Japan National Institute for Environmental Studies, the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have declined from 1,291 MtCO2 in the financial year 2017/18 to 1,244 MtCO2 in 2018/19 (-3.6%), which is their lowest level since 1990/91. It was the fifth year in a row of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of nine nuclear reactors. As the world’s fifth-biggest carbon emitter, Japan aims at reducing its GHG emissions by 26% by 2030 (from 2013 levels). The observed decrease stood at 11.8% at the end of 2017/18.

05
Nov

US wind capacity exceeds 100 GW mark

According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the installed wind power capacity in the United States has reached 100 GW in the third quarter of 2019 (from over 94 GW at the end of 2018), enough to supply power to 32 million US households. Wind installations accelerated in the third quarter of 2019, with 8 new large power projects totalling 1.9 GW commissioned.

04
Nov

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 4.1% in 2018

According to the annual report on the functioning of the European carbon market, greenhouse gras (GHG) emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 4.1% (around 73 MtCO2eq) to 1,682 MtCO2eq in 2018, thanks to a 7.3% drop in emissions from the power and heat production sector (down to 913 MtCO2eq). Verified emissions from the industrial sector remained stable (-0.1%) at 769 MtCO2eq, while those from aviation grew by 3.9% to 67 MtCO2eq.


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