国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

-3.3%

ラテンアメリカにおける石油製品消費の減少は4年連続で続く.

世界の石油製品需要は、輸送および石油化学部門の拡大により、2018年に再び0.9%増加した

2018年には石油製品の需要が増加し、特に米国では石油化学製品に拍車がかかり、輸送部門では燃料消費量が増加しました。
アジアが需要の最大の増加を占めており、これは中国とインドが主導しており(それぞれ6%と2.7%の増加)、それほどではないがタイとインドネシアの増加(日本の減少)があります。 米国(世界最大の消費者)の石油製品の消費量も、主に産業の需要によって2.5%増加しました。
石油製品の消費量は、ロシアではほとんど増加しておらず(+ 0.5%)、欧州連合では若干減少しました(-0.6%)。 2014年以来減少し続けているラテンアメリカの石油製品消費量は、2018年に最大の減少(-3.3%)を経験しました。 これはメキシコでの石油生産の減少と価格の高騰、そしてベネズエラでは課された国際制裁措置のせいで減少したためです。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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02
Jun

GHG emissions in Australia dipped by 0.9% in 2019

According to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 0.9% in 2019 (-5 MtCO2eq) to 532.5 MtCO2eq.

25
May

China failed to meet its energy efficiency target for 2019

According to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China energy intensity, which measures the amount of energy needed to generate one unit of GDP, decreased by 2.6% in 2019, which was lower than the Chinese government target of 3% cut. The country felt short of its energy efficiency goals in 2019 due to the fast growth in the economic sector of steel, building materials, non-ferrous metals, chemicals, and the services. However, the NDRC also announced that the country carbon intensity (the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP) decreased by 4.1% against a target of 3.6%. 

15
May

South Korea's ETS emissions dipped by 2% in 2019

Emissions under the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) have decreased by 2% in 2019 to 589 MtCO2, representing the first drop since the ETS entered into operations in 2015. Emissions have been driven down by the power sector (-8.6%) to 245 Mt due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants combined with a shift from coal to LNG. Conversely, emissions from the steel sector grew by 7.1% to 113 Mt fostered by higher production.

07
May

US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019, to 5,130 MtCO2, i.e. 15% below their 2007 peak of 6,003 MtCO2 and offsetting a 2.9% surge in 2018 that was due to increased energy consumption (warmer weather spurred air conditioning demand). In 2019, energy-related emissions fell faster than energy consumption (-0.9%) and the CO2 intensity (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP) improved noticeably, in a context of economic growth (+2.3% of GDP). Most of the decrease in CO2 emissions occurred in the power sector (-8.2% in 2019, i.e. -145 MtCO2), as renewable power generation continued to rise and to reduce coal consumption: CO2 emissions from coal fell by 14.6%, while CO2 emissions from the use of natural gas increased by 3.3% (limited increase in gas-fired power generation).


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