Decline of oil product consumption in Latin America for the fifth year in a row over reduced production and sanctions in Venezuela.
The global oil product consumption grew in 2019 at a much slower rate than over the 2000-2018 period (+0.3% vs. +1%/year), due to a slowdown in industrial activity and to warmer than average winter temperatures in the northern hemisphere. Oil product consumption decreased by 0.5% in the USA, the largest consumer worldwide, due to a lower demand from industry and the petrochemical sector (delays in projects), and to diminishing car sales to a lesser extent. It also declined in Japan (-4.1% over reduced needs for heating), in Latin America (-12% in Venezuela over US sanctions, -4.5% in Mexico and -1.3% in Brazil), as well as in the Middle East and Africa, due to rising fuel prices.
Oil products consumption rose in Asia, led by China (+6.6% with new refinery commissioning), Indonesia (+6.6%) and India (+2.9%), and to a lesser extent in the CIS (+1.2%) and the EU (+0.7%), including +2.1% in Germany, where demand from industry and transport increased.
According to the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, global CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 0.9% to 38 GtCO2 in 2019, driven by China (+3.4%, accounting for 30% of global emissions) and India (+1.6%, 7% of global emissions). Meanwhile, Japan (3% of global emissions) reduced its energy-related CO2 emissions by 2.1%, the United States (13% of total emissions) by 2.6% and Russia (5% of total emissions) by 0.8%.
According to the European Commission, primary energy consumption declined by 0.7% in 2018 (-0.1% only for final energy consumption), which is insufficient to meet the 2020 targets. The highest annual reductions in primary energy consumption were posted in Belgium, Austria and Greece, whereas the largest increases were observed in Estonia, Latvia and Luxembourg. Between 2005 and 2018, primary energy consumption decreased in all Member States except Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia and Poland. Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018).
According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects.
According to preliminary figures from Citepa, France’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 0.9% in 2019, from 445 MtCO2eq in 2018 to 441 MtCO2eq in 2019. This is due to a decline in GHG emissions from the residential and tertiary sector (-2.7%, i.e. -2.2 MtCO2eq, with a 2.3% drop for households and a 3.2% decline for services), in the energy sector (-0.7%, including -1.5% for power generation), and in waste processing (-2.2%). In 2019, CO2 emissions dipped by 1%, from 331.5 Mt to 328.2 Mt (-3.3 Mt), while methane emissions contracted by 0.7% (-0.4 MtCO2eq).