国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

-3.3%

ラテンアメリカにおける石油製品消費の減少は4年連続で続く.

世界の石油製品需要は、輸送および石油化学部門の拡大により、2018年に再び0.9%増加した

2018年には石油製品の需要が増加し、特に米国では石油化学製品に拍車がかかり、輸送部門では燃料消費量が増加しました。
アジアが需要の最大の増加を占めており、これは中国とインドが主導しており(それぞれ6%と2.7%の増加)、それほどではないがタイとインドネシアの増加(日本の減少)があります。 米国(世界最大の消費者)の石油製品の消費量も、主に産業の需要によって2.5%増加しました。
石油製品の消費量は、ロシアではほとんど増加しておらず(+ 0.5%)、欧州連合では若干減少しました(-0.6%)。 2014年以来減少し続けているラテンアメリカの石油製品消費量は、2018年に最大の減少(-3.3%)を経験しました。 これはメキシコでの石油生産の減少と価格の高騰、そしてベネズエラでは課された国際制裁措置のせいで減少したためです。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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