国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

16.5%

米国における原油生産の急増.

米国での爆発的な成長(16.5%増)に牽引されて、世界の原油生産は増加した(2%増)

2018年6月のOPECメンバーは、以前の減産が過剰と見なされ、また価格も引き上げ過ぎたため、供給不足を防ぎ価格を引き下げるために石油生産を増やすことに合意しました。
米国の原油生産量は、豊富なシェール埋蔵量からの石油の探査と採掘が増加するにつれて大幅に増加し、1か国として史上最大の増加をもたらしました。これは、新しいプロジェクトがオンラインになったこと、石油に対する継続的な需要、および価格の上昇(1バレル当たり14ドルが2017年を上回る)によるものです。ロシア、中東(イランを除く)、そしてアフリカでも石油生産は増加を続けました。
一方で、ラテンアメリカは全体的に減少しました。ベネズエラで起きている政治的問題、そして米国からの制裁措置と合わせて、石油生産量は29%減少しました。これは米国の上昇分の3分の1に相当します。同様に、国際制裁措置が再開された後、イランの石油生産は7%減少しました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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19
Feb

India's coal-fired power generation fells for the first time in a decade

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) of India, coal-fired power generation in India declined by around 2.5% in 2019, posting the first decrease in a decade. Meanwhile, the gas-fired power generation also declined by 4.5%. This decrease is explained by a broader economic slowdown reducing electricity demand and a higher competition from renewable power generation and from nuclear in a lesser extent (+6.3% in 2019).

18
Feb

Europe installed more than 15 GW of new wind capacity in 2019

According to WindEurope, Europe’s wind power capacity grew by 8% in 2019, thanks to the installation of 15.4 GW, and reached 205 GW at the end of the year. New installations are 27% higher than in 2018. However, this number needs to double to reach the objectives of the Green Deal. Over 3/4 of new installations were onshore wind (11.7 GW), and 1/4 offshore (3.6 GW). Four countries accounted for 55% of new wind installations: the United Kingdom (+2.4 GW, including almost 1.8 GW of offshore wind), Spain (+2.3 GW), Germany (+2.2 GW, half of which was offshore), and Sweden (+1.6 GW). France installed more than 1 GW of new wind capacity in 2019 (1.3 GW onshore) despite weathers conditions and delays in approvals slowing down constructions.

14
Feb

Africa and the Middle East added 894 MW of wind power capacity in 2019

According to the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), new installations of wind power capacities in Africa and the Middle East slowed down in 2019, with only 894 MW installed in 2019, compared to 962 MW in 2018 (-7%). Leading countries were Egypt, which installed 262 MW of new capacity, followed by Morocco (216 MW), Jordan (190 MW), Ethiopia (120 MW) and Iran (50 MW).

14
Feb

French electricity consumption reached its lowest level in 10 years in 2019

According to the French power transmission system operator RTE, electricity consumption in France declined by 0.5% in 2019 (including climate corrections), reaching its lowest level in 10 years. This slight decrease is explained by efforts in terms of energy efficiency (in buildings and equipments), by the structural shift in economic activities (towards services activities), and by a slowdown in economic growth, especially at the end of year.


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