国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

16.5%

米国における原油生産の急増.

米国での爆発的な成長(16.5%増)に牽引されて、世界の原油生産は増加した(2%増)

2018年6月のOPECメンバーは、以前の減産が過剰と見なされ、また価格も引き上げ過ぎたため、供給不足を防ぎ価格を引き下げるために石油生産を増やすことに合意しました。
米国の原油生産量は、豊富なシェール埋蔵量からの石油の探査と採掘が増加するにつれて大幅に増加し、1か国として史上最大の増加をもたらしました。これは、新しいプロジェクトがオンラインになったこと、石油に対する継続的な需要、および価格の上昇(1バレル当たり14ドルが2017年を上回る)によるものです。ロシア、中東(イランを除く)、そしてアフリカでも石油生産は増加を続けました。
一方で、ラテンアメリカは全体的に減少しました。ベネズエラで起きている政治的問題、そして米国からの制裁措置と合わせて、石油生産量は29%減少しました。これは米国の上昇分の3分の1に相当します。同様に、国際制裁措置が再開された後、イランの石油生産は7%減少しました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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04
Dec

US EIA expects 90 GW of coal-fired power plants to retire by 2030

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the US coal-fired power capacity fell by around 60 GW between 2011 and 2017 as a result of power plant retirements, which were due to high operating and maintenance costs. Sustained relatively low gas prices have made coal-fired power plants less competitive and less used, reducing revenues and operating margins for their operators, prompting them to retire these coal-fired units. A study led by the EIA highlights that coal-fired power plants with the lowest variable operating and maintenance costs have higher capacity factors (59% in 2017) than the coal fleet average (54%) and than the highest cost group (47%).

02
Dec

Japan's greenhouse gas emissions fall to record low in 2018/19

According to Japan National Institute for Environmental Studies, the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have declined from 1,291 MtCO2 in the financial year 2017/18 to 1,244 MtCO2 in 2018/19 (-3.6%), which is their lowest level since 1990/91. It was the fifth year in a row of decline, which was mainly driven by the increased use of renewable energies and the restart of nine nuclear reactors. As the world’s fifth-biggest carbon emitter, Japan aims at reducing its GHG emissions by 26% by 2030 (from 2013 levels). The observed decrease stood at 11.8% at the end of 2017/18.

05
Nov

US wind capacity exceeds 100 GW mark

According to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), the installed wind power capacity in the United States has reached 100 GW in the third quarter of 2019 (from over 94 GW at the end of 2018), enough to supply power to 32 million US households. Wind installations accelerated in the third quarter of 2019, with 8 new large power projects totalling 1.9 GW commissioned.

04
Nov

GHG emissions under the EU ETS scheme fell by 4.1% in 2018

According to the annual report on the functioning of the European carbon market, greenhouse gras (GHG) emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS decreased by 4.1% (around 73 MtCO2eq) to 1,682 MtCO2eq in 2018, thanks to a 7.3% drop in emissions from the power and heat production sector (down to 913 MtCO2eq). Verified emissions from the industrial sector remained stable (-0.1%) at 769 MtCO2eq, while those from aviation grew by 3.9% to 67 MtCO2eq.


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