国別内訳 (Mt)

世界

16.5%

米国における原油生産の急増.

米国での爆発的な成長(16.5%増)に牽引されて、世界の原油生産は増加した(2%増)

2018年6月のOPECメンバーは、以前の減産が過剰と見なされ、また価格も引き上げ過ぎたため、供給不足を防ぎ価格を引き下げるために石油生産を増やすことに合意しました。
米国の原油生産量は、豊富なシェール埋蔵量からの石油の探査と採掘が増加するにつれて大幅に増加し、1か国として史上最大の増加をもたらしました。これは、新しいプロジェクトがオンラインになったこと、石油に対する継続的な需要、および価格の上昇(1バレル当たり14ドルが2017年を上回る)によるものです。ロシア、中東(イランを除く)、そしてアフリカでも石油生産は増加を続けました。
一方で、ラテンアメリカは全体的に減少しました。ベネズエラで起きている政治的問題、そして米国からの制裁措置と合わせて、石油生産量は29%減少しました。これは米国の上昇分の3分の1に相当します。同様に、国際制裁措置が再開された後、イランの石油生産は7%減少しました。

世界のエネルギー動向、2019年版

Enerdataは、G20諸国の2018年のデータに基づいて、世界のエネルギー市場の動向を分析します。

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

エネルギーの供給、需要、価格、温室効果ガス排出に関する包括的かつ最新のデータベースにアクセスする(189ヶ国).

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02
Jun

GHG emissions in Australia dipped by 0.9% in 2019

According to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 0.9% in 2019 (-5 MtCO2eq) to 532.5 MtCO2eq.

25
May

China failed to meet its energy efficiency target for 2019

According to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China energy intensity, which measures the amount of energy needed to generate one unit of GDP, decreased by 2.6% in 2019, which was lower than the Chinese government target of 3% cut. The country felt short of its energy efficiency goals in 2019 due to the fast growth in the economic sector of steel, building materials, non-ferrous metals, chemicals, and the services. However, the NDRC also announced that the country carbon intensity (the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP) decreased by 4.1% against a target of 3.6%. 

15
May

South Korea's ETS emissions dipped by 2% in 2019

Emissions under the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) have decreased by 2% in 2019 to 589 MtCO2, representing the first drop since the ETS entered into operations in 2015. Emissions have been driven down by the power sector (-8.6%) to 245 Mt due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants combined with a shift from coal to LNG. Conversely, emissions from the steel sector grew by 7.1% to 113 Mt fostered by higher production.

07
May

US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019

According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 2.8% in 2019, to 5,130 MtCO2, i.e. 15% below their 2007 peak of 6,003 MtCO2 and offsetting a 2.9% surge in 2018 that was due to increased energy consumption (warmer weather spurred air conditioning demand). In 2019, energy-related emissions fell faster than energy consumption (-0.9%) and the CO2 intensity (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP) improved noticeably, in a context of economic growth (+2.3% of GDP). Most of the decrease in CO2 emissions occurred in the power sector (-8.2% in 2019, i.e. -145 MtCO2), as renewable power generation continued to rise and to reduce coal consumption: CO2 emissions from coal fell by 14.6%, while CO2 emissions from the use of natural gas increased by 3.3% (limited increase in gas-fired power generation).


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